The Riyadh metro project, one of the world’s largest urban transport ventures, aims to lift up to 3 million commuters off the road to relieve traffic congestion. It is the world’s largest turnkey metro project and cost $23 billion to develop six lines including 85 stations expanding over the city with 176 km. The turnkey system approach entails complete system capability, including signaling, electrification, trackwork and maintenance services. Scheduled to open February 2019.
Stations and Network
It was identified as having 85 stations for the electric train, including a number of major stations where several tracks for a train meet, as designed on several levels according to modern architectural designs. These stations will be home to shopping centres and parking spaces.
The project has the approval of the award of four major stations’ contracts located at the intersection of subway tracks and buses and has fulfilled the designs of the metro security requirements and safety of passengers and facilities project.
Through the supply of vehicles and the stations’ sophisticated systems for monitoring, powered by monitoring cameras and early warning systems and fire extinguishers together with safety systems in the tunnels and communication systems that allow instant communication with the competent security authorities control center. It have been identified as monorail sites, so where several tracks for a train meet, as designed on several levels according to modern architectural designs, will be all air-conditioned and include the comfort and safety of passengers, including systems and flight information.
The Metro Project comprises the following six lines:
- Line 1 (Blue Line) runs in the north-south direction along Olaya and Batha streets, starting from slightly north of King Salman Bin Abdul Aziz Street and ending at in the south. The Metro will be mostly underground in a tunnel along Olaya and King Faisal Streets, and elevated on a viaduct along Batha Street and at the northern and southern ends. Line 1 extends over a length of approximately 38 km (24 mi) and features 22 stations, in addition to 4 transfer stations with Lines 2, 3, 5, and 4&6.
- Line 2 (Red Line) runs in the east-west direction along King Abdullah Road, between King Saud University and the eastern sub-center, mostly on a raised strip in the median of a planned freeway. This Line extends over a length of about 25.3 km (15.7 mi) and features 13 stations, in addition to 3 transfer stations with Lines 1, 5 and 6.
- Line 3 (Orange Line) runs in the east-west direction along Al–Madinah Al Munawwarah and Prince Saad Bin Abdulrahman Al Awal Roads, starting at the west near Jeddah Expressway and ending at the east near the National Guard camp of Khashm El Aan. The metro will be mostly elevated along the western part of Al–Madinah Al Munawwarah Road, then underground in tunnels in the central section of the line, and generally at grade along Prince Saad Ibn Abdulrahman Road. The length of the line is approximately 40.7 km (25.3 mi) and it features 20 stations, in addition to 2 transfer stations with Lines 1 and 6.
- Line 4 (Yellow Line) reaches to King Khalid International Airport from King Abdullah Financial District, mainly on a mix of elevated and at-grade alignment. The length of the line is around 29.6 km (18.4 mi) and it features 8 stations (3 common with Line 6), in addition to 1 transfer station with Lines 1 and 6.
- Line 5 (Green Line) runs underground in a tunnel along King Abdulaziz Street, between King Abdul Aziz Historical Centre and the Riyadh Airbase, before connecting with King Abdullah Road. The length of the line is about 12.9 km (8.0 mi) and it features 10 stations, in addition to 2 transfer stations with Lines 1 and 2.
- Line 6 (Purple Line) follows a half-ring starting at King Abdullah Financial District, passing by Imam Mohamed Bin Saud University and ending at Prince Saad Ibn Abdulrahman Al Awal Road. It runs mostly elevated except along Sheikh Hasan Bin Husein Bin Ali Street. The length of the line is approximately 29.9 km (18.6 mi) and it features 8 stations (3 common with Line 4), in addition to 3 transfer stations with Lines 1, 2 and 3.