Simplifying Saudi Arabia’s New Public-Private Partnership Rules

By Mohammed Ameen

Published on:

saudi arabia public private partnership ppp

Saudi Arabia recently updated its rules for public-private partnership projects, making them simpler and more efficient. Let’s break down what these changes mean and how they will impact future projects.

What Are Public-Private Partnerships?

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are collaborations between government entities and private companies. They work together on projects like infrastructure development or service provision. This approach combines public oversight with private sector efficiency and innovation.

New Minimum Project Values

The biggest change in the regulations is the introduction of minimum project values. These are:

  • For asset ownership transfer projects: at least SR 50 million.
  • For public-private partnership projects: at least SR 200 million.

These values ensure that only significant projects, with substantial impact and benefits, are undertaken.

Why Set Minimum Values?

Setting minimum values has several benefits:

  1. Focus on Impactful Projects: It ensures the government and private sectors invest in substantial projects that can make a real difference.
  2. Resource Efficiency: It helps in better allocation of resources, focusing on projects that offer more significant returns and benefits.
  3. Quality Assurance: Larger projects often mean more thorough planning and execution, leading to better quality outcomes.

How Are These Values Determined?

The values are based on several factors, including:

  1. Capital and operational expenditures.
  2. Potential financial obligations for the state.
  3. Expected financial revenues for the government.

These factors help estimate the project’s overall value and impact.

Combining Smaller Projects

An interesting aspect of the new rules is the ability to combine smaller projects. If individual projects don’t meet the minimum value, they can be grouped together. This allows flexibility and ensures that smaller, yet important projects aren’t overlooked.

Impact on Government-Owned Companies

The new rules also clarify the role of government-owned companies in privatization. Any company with more than 50% government ownership must follow these regulations for privatization projects.

The Big Picture

These changes are part of Saudi Arabia’s broader efforts to involve the private sector more in its economy. Since 2018, the country has been encouraging private investment in various sectors like transportation, health, and education. The aim is to boost economic growth, enhance service quality, and promote innovation.


Saudi Arabia’s new rules for public-private partnerships are a significant step towards efficient and impactful collaborations between the public and private sectors. By setting clear guidelines and minimum project values, the country is paving the way for more strategic, well-planned, and beneficial projects. This move is expected to contribute positively to the nation’s economy and the quality of services provided to its citizens.