How Rare Greek Marble Keeps the Grand Mosque in Makkah Cool

By Mohammed Ameen

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Why is the floor of the Grand Mosque in Makkah so cool?

The Grand Mosque in Makkah, also known as the Masjid Al Haram, is a site of great religious significance for millions of Muslims around the world. One of the most striking features of the mosque is the coolness of the marble flooring, even during the hot summers in Makkah. Many pilgrims who have visited the mosque have commented on the surprising coolness of the floor upon stepping on it. This article delves into the science and engineering behind this unique feature, and how it contributes to making the Grand Mosque a comfortable and safe place for the performance of religious rituals and prayers.

The Science Behind the Cool Marble

The secret behind the cool marble flooring is the use of a rare type of Greek marble known as Thassos marble. This type of marble is known for its heat-reflecting properties and ability to reflect sunlight. This means that even under extreme temperatures of 50 degrees Celsius, the marble flooring in the Grand Mosque remains cool to the touch.

Thassos Marble Slabs
Thassos Marble Slabs

Also Read: List of Important Gates of Masjid Al Haram in Makkah

A Cool Oasis in the Desert

Saudi Arabia is one of the hottest countries in the world and experiences extreme heat and arid temperatures all year round. The hot, dry air can make performing religious rituals in the Grand Mosque very uncomfortable, especially when the ground is marble. Without any shades, the floor can cause severe heat burns for pilgrims attempting to perform their prayers in the Grand Mosque. But, the floor of the Grand Mosque in Makkah is one of the coolest places on earth, even in the sweltering summer months.

Importance of Cool Marble

This type of marble, imported from Greece, keeps the holy mosque cool while keeping the Pilgrims safe. It is an important consideration for the millions of people who make the pilgrimage to Makkah each year. The cool marble flooring allows for a comfortable and safe environment for the performance of religious rituals and prayers. It is truly a marvel of engineering and science that allows the Grand Mosque to remain a cool oasis in the desert.


In conclusion, the cool marble flooring in the Grand Mosque in Makkah is a unique feature that sets it apart from other places of worship. The use of rare Greek Thassos marble, known for its heat-reflecting properties, allows the floor to remain cool even under extreme temperatures. This makes the Grand Mosque a comfortable and safe place for the millions of pilgrims who visit each year to perform Hajj and Umrah. The technology and engineering behind this cool marble flooring are truly a marvel and a testament to the dedication to providing the best possible experience for visitors.

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